Fu Jow Pai meaning “Tiger Claw System” in Cantonese (Mandarin pinyin: Huzhuapai, literally “Tiger Claw School” or “Tiger Claw Style”) was founded by Wong Bil Hong in the Shaolin Temple in Henan province during 1934.
The system was originally named “Hark Fu Moon” (Mandarin pinyin: Heihumen, literally “Black Tiger School”, also “Black Tiger System”), but Grand Master Wong Bil Hong renamed it in honour of his Shaolin monk teacher. Wong Bil Hong, who had already mastered Hung Gar, took most of that system’s core and created Fu Jow Pai.
This Chinese martial art that was modeled after the demeanor and fighting strategy of an attacking tiger. The striking movements are lightning fast, agile and powerful.
Techniques unique to Fu Jow Pai are ripping, tearing and clawing, combined with grasping and squeezing applications to vulnerable area of an opponent’s body.
The goal of Fu Jow Pai is to develop both physical and spiritual growth through vigorous exercise and training. The art also encourages a positive mental attitude in its practitioners.
Conditioning through the practice of “Iron Hand” techniques, to help the body and hand withstand blows, are an important part of this system’s training regime. Torturous exercises target the strengthening of ligaments, fingers, muscles and skin. It is not unusual for teachers to beat students around the body with bamboo sticks, before moving on to more ruthless implements, such as sticks and baseball bats, in order to toughen both body and mind. One particularly brutal conditioning exercise involves practitioners beating their forearms against trees, and clawing at the bark of the tree in order to remove it with only their fingers.
References and sources for this Fu Jow Pai Article
The Way of the Warrior: Martial Arts and Fighting Styles from Around the World 15 Sept 2008
by Chris Crudelli